ENFP Type Description

By Ekaterina Filatova


     For the ENFP, importance is placed on what’s most interesting and gripping – in these things they see potential possibilities and promising trends, both in human society and in the sphere of production, and organize people towards realizing these possibilities.

Ne as the Dominant Function

    For ENFPs, it’s most important to find, to see, to comprehend new possibilities where there previously were none. Their attention is always riveted towards the unique and unusual. They’re stimulated by new ideas and are willing to receive information from any sources. This can lead them to unexpected scientific discoveries, museum exhibitions, non-traditional methods of entertainment and medicine, journeys, meeting with new people, etc.

     Their interest flashes rapidly, like that of a child at the sight of a new toy, but as soon as the object of entertainment loses its novelty, they become uninterested – their interest vanishes rapidly and they hurry to be charmed by a new possibility. Because of their fresh views and openness to new things, ENFPs often possess a collection of abilities and talents. It pleases them to test themselves in different fields – many representatives of this type design well, can be easily trained in sports and musical instruments, and are fascinated by psychology, theater, cinematography, and art. They test their abilities in the moment, write poems, and are ingenious storytellers.

     As a rule, ENFPs are very penetrating: they can easily predict what it’s possible to expect in the future from another individual, especially if they’re sufficiently familiar with him or her. Like no one else, they know how to inspire, to reveal the abilities and talents of others, and to manifest support towards others to realize themselves. They value kindness, uniqueness, and talent in people. Envy is alien to them – their creative nature allows them to see many possible avenues worth following. Even in old age, they’re always ready to learn new things.

Fi as the Auxiliary Function

     ENFPs must make others aware of all possibilities so that they may act on them. ENFPs easily make contact with others and rapidly become the soul of the company. They’re able to connect with spectators and students, and are ready to play with their attention. Their behavior is noticeably impulsive and their mood frequently varies, but they try to hide all of their negative experiences from others to avoid their judgments.

     ENFPs possess the gift of inspiring those that surround them towards activities that could be considered promising and revealing in the long-term. They find it rather interesting to manipulate – literally, to juggle with the moods of others. Here they’re experimenters, curiously observing the reactions of others to their emotional provocations. They wonderfully manage the emotional sphere, they give compliments to others and are sincere, for they’re always ready to notice the positive traits inherent in others, but they may sometimes joke and attempt to tease a little.  This is never done with actual spite but in a playful manner, as if it were a game.

     Benevolence and optimism are generally inherent in people of this type. They’re eager to offer aid, but one ought not to rely too heavily on their promises, for they’re often forgetful and easily distracted by other people.

     By wonderfully understanding the moods of people, ENFPs know how to deftly avoid conflict, to extinguish it with a joke. But when the reason for conflict aligns with their inherent interests, they may get caught up in the conflict; in such situations, they act actively and decisively.

Ti as the Vulnerable Function

     Ti represents “working activity” and always supposes a definite organization. This refers to punctuality, the function of responsibilities, instruction, regulation, the hierarchy of subordination, accountability…and these are all things that serve to drive ENFPs away – any weighty framework that dictate to them the fulfillment of responsibilities. Their creativity sees nothing as predetermined. Therefore, it’s especially important that they find work in which their gifts are revealed.

     The nontrivial course of thoughts characteristic for many representatives of this type may lead them to realize themselves in scientific research work, where they easily propose unexpected views on problems. However, they poorly respond to manual labor and logical analysis. Anything that requires them to be be thorough and systematic in their investigations will lead them to quickly tire. They prefer to hand these aspects of scientific work to others and instead assume the role of “the generator of ideas.” However, when they fail to find creative work in which something new can always be seen, their previously indefatigable inquisitiveness severely weakens.

     After having tried 10 – 15 different specialties, they may prove to be without anything, to have attained nothing in life, the entirety of their talent gone unrealized. After completing necessary preparations in a new project, if they see something that they find more attractive, they may throw away everything. They prefer not to plan, but to improvise; it is dangerous to rely on their business qualities, for they can get caught up in the moment.

     They don’t respond well to templates and standards. ENFPs recognize no formal subordination and feel no respect towards authorities; this may lead to trouble. The observations of authorities, especially if they’re wrong, in their opinion, are answered by sharply disregarding who they are. It is therefore understandable that they’re not at home in conditions subordinate to strict authority.

Se as the Role Function

     ENFPs assume that society values daring, decisive, volitional people, and they attempt to create the impression that they are such people. In some cases, they can actually manifest willpower in themselves, and in some situations they’re capable of acting with pressure, but most frequently such pressure is not sufficient in the long-term and their persistence proves to be short-lived.

     ENFPs are not too interested in the world of material things. They’re not able to keep up with it, and prefer that another take charge of such matters. They’re not confident in the necessity of one purchase over another, and they need another person with whom to confer. Financially, they’re often negligent; their money interests them more so in terms of its immediate use than in terms of obtaining new experiences in life.

ENFPs at Work and in the Home

     ENFPs don’t aim for leadership positions, for it’s difficult for them to control the group at an intermediate level, where it’s necessary to observe regulations and communication from the top to the bottom and from the bottom to the top. They’re much better able to manifest their abilities at the head of the whole group. From this position, they’re able to glance at the problem, to see prospects of development in the enterprise, and to strategically solve such in a way that proves greatly successful to the group. Their ability to propose significant ideas can prove to be the decisive factor in competitive activity. However, the study of components should be charged to those nearby, who will manage it better than them.

     ENFPs also have the useful ability, at any rank of leadership, to arrange teams in a way that effectively uses the best abilities of each. However, enforcing discipline and the evaluation of the execution of a task and its quality should be charged to subordinates. 

     Due to their ability to foresee new possibilities and rapidly act on them, they’re irreplaceable in owning a business, organizing new work, creating advertising, in journalism…in a sense, anywhere their ardor and curiosity to the novel works together with their ability to establish contacts.

     In relations towards potential intimate partners, ENFPs have a tendency towards newness and change. In romantic life, this position is rarely well understood by others. If their partner does not know how to always be novel and mysterious, then their love can rapidly die out. It’s helpful if their significant other possesses stability, the patience to understand that each new entertainment will pass just as rapidly as the one before. Otherwise it will be difficult to avoid conflict and separation.

     Domestic activity is completely alien to ENFP. They attempt to solve household problems with a minimum of effort, finding no pleasure in this.

     Despite the fact that ENFPs correspond weakly to the family ideals of society, they’re able to adapt by means of constant newness and mutability. It’s not surprising that even at an elderly age, they retain the ability to charm and be charmed by others.

Summary of Functions

1. Ne – For ENFPs, it’s most important to find and comprehend the most important and most interesting – to find, to see, to comprehend new possibilities where there previously was none. From a set of variants, they’re capable of selecting the most controversial and promising in the long-term. They love to dream and fantasize and can sufficiently forecast the course of events.
2. Fi – They possess the gift of inspiring people towards long-term promising activities. They know how to juggle the moods and relations of those that surround them. They conceal negative moods within themselves so as not to suffer other’s judgments, but they’re more willing to share with friends in this regard.
3. Ti – Regime, duty, regulations, and accountability all disarm them. They find it difficult to be inscribed in any framework. They work exclusively based on their mood and are better able to focus on ‘big picture’ work than to be occupied by thorough study.
4. Se – In regards to forceful methods, they act exclusively for purposes of defense. They’re not not very attracted to the material world, find it difficult to keep up, and are often negligent in regards to their finances.

Profession Assessment

     ENFPs’ ability to foresee new possibilities is irreplaceable in business ownership, organizing new work, advertising, journalism – anywhere their ardor and curiosity for novelty can be combined with their ability to establish contacts. Representatives of this type may also work in the sciences, easily proposing an unexpected view towards a problem; some of them also work successfully as psychologists.

Career Possibilities

  • Reporter / Newscaster / Columnist / Journalist
  • Doctor / Nurse / Medical Assistant
  • Marketing Consultant
  • Advertising Creative Director
  • Social Worker / Clergy
  • Preschool Teacher
  • Playwright / Cartoonist / Actor / Musician
  • Social Scientist
  • Entrepreneur
  • Career Counselor / HR Development Trainer
  • Publicist


Potentially Favorable: ISTJ, ESTJ, ISFJ, INTJ, ESFJ, ENTJ
Potentially Adverse: ISTP, INTP, ISFP, ESTP

Further Reading:

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